Algeria is the largest country in Africa and the 10th largest country in the world. Algeria gained its independence from France in 1962. Algeria exports large quantities of natural gas to Europe due to its large reservoirs of gas and oil, making the export of energy the country’s backbone. Algeria is a member of the African Union, United Nations, and the Arab Leagues. The capital city of Algeria is Algiers with Islam being the most common religion. The Sahara Desert covers the southern part of Algeria making the country a semi-desert with very hot middays and chilly nights. Algeria experienced civil war from 1991 to 1997 when a cease-fire was declared and later elections held in 1999 which saw Abdelaziz Bouteflika emerge as the president.
By landmass, Algeria is the largest country in Africa. It’s area is around 2.38 million square kilometers.2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi). Around 90% of the country is part of the Sahara.